Will the election of Cyril Ramaphosa in South Africa derail Putin’s agenda in BRICS?


Background and objectives of BRICS

Will the election of Cyril Ramaphosa in South Africa impact the working of BRICS moving forward?



  1. Russia Today, Turkey wants to join BRICS because it is disappointed in NATO and EU- analyst, https://www.rt.com/news/434685-turkey-join-brics-eu-nato/, 12 Dec. 2018
  2. 2. Business Report, Siphelele Dludla, #BRICS: SA signs $14 Billion trade agreement with China, https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/brics/brics-sa-signs-14-billion-trade-agreements-with-china-16210130 12 Dec 2018
  3. 3. Daily Maverick, Khadija Patel, Analysis: Scrutinising South Africa’s inclusion in BRICS, https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2012-04-03-analysis-scrutinising-south-africas-inclusion-in-brics/ 12 Dec 2018
  4. 4. Business Insider, Erin Conway-Smith, Russia’s Putin and South Africa’s Zuma are spending an awful lot of time together, https://www.businessinsider.com/russias-putin-and-south-africas-zuma-are-spending-an-awful-lot-of-time-together-2015-5, 12 Dec. 2018
  5. 5. BRICS Business Magazine, Jack A Goldstone, China’s dream, Russia’s ambitions, https://bricsmagazine.com/en/articles/china-s-dream-russia-s-ambitions, 13 Dec. 2018
  6. 6. World Economic Forum, Samir Saran, The next ten years of BRICS-Will the relationship last?, https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/10/brics-first-next-ten-years/, 12 Dec 2018
  7. 7. Council of Councils, Sergey Kulik, Russia and the BICS: Priorities of the Presidency, https://www.cfr.org/councilofcouncils/global_memos/p36758, 12 Dec 2018
  8. 8. Al Jazeera English, David Childs, Who is Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s far-right president? https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/jair-bolsonaro-brazil-presidential-candidate-181007020716337.html , 17 Dec. 2018
  9. 9. Reuters, Alexander Winning, China Xi pleadges $14.7 Billion investment on South Africa visit, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-safrica-china/chinas-xi-pledges-14-7-billion-investment-on-south-africa-visit-idUSKBN1KE2A3, 12 Dec. 2018(11)
  10. 10. Ibid, Russia’s Putin and South Africa’s Zuma are spending an awful lot of time together, 12 Dec. 2018
  11. 11. Reuters, Africatec, Update 3-Russia’s Putin raises nuclear deal at Ramaphosa meeting during BRICS, https://af.reuters.com/article/southAfricaNews/idAFL5N1UM2MZ , 17 Dec 2018 (19)
  12. 12. Financial Times, Joseph Cotteril, https://www.ft.com/content/ce7d0fdc-2a7d-11e7-bc4b-5528796fe35c, 12 Dec., 2018
  13. 13. Fin24, Khulekani Magubane, SA no longer has agreement with Russians on nuclear, says Radebe, https://www.fin24.com/Economy/sa-no-longer-has-agreement-with-russians-on-nuclear-says-radebe-20180604, 12 Dec. 2018
  14. 14. Business Day, David Mabuza goes to Moscow to congratulate Vladimir Putin on his re-election, https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/national/2018-05-14-david-mabuza-goes-to-moscow-to-congratulate-vladimir-putin-on-his-re-election/, 12 Dec. 2018
  15. 15. News24, Carien du Plessis, Behind the scenes diplomatic wrangling with Putin and Modi threatens to derail BRICS summit, https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/behind-the-scenes-diplomatic-wrangling-with-putin-and-modi-threatens-to-derail-brics-summit-20180726, 12 Dec. 2018
  16. 16. Comment by a senior member of the governing party in South Africa, 11 Nov. 2018
  17. 17. Daily Maverick, Peter Fabricius, UN: SA opposition to holding urgent debate on Syria a “worrying example of siding with dictators, https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2018-03-04-un-sa-opposition-to-holding-urgent-debate-on-syria-a-worrying-example-of-siding-with-dictators/ , 12 Dec. 2018



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Thembisa Fakude

Senior Research Fellow Africa Asia Dialogues, Johannesburg, SA Research Fellow Al Sharq Forum, Istanbul, Turkiye Columnist, Middle East Monitor, London UK.